Glossary

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Padding -  One or more bits appended to a message in order to ensure that it contains the required number of bits or bytes.
- Synonyms: I²C
PC/SC -  The de-facto standard to interface Personal Computers with Smart Cards (and smartcard readers of course). SpringCard PC/SC Readers comply with this standard. This makes those products usable on most operating systems, using an high-level and standardized API.
- Synonyms: I²C
PCD -  Proximity coupling device. A device able to communicate with a PICC, i.e. a contactless reader compliant with ISO 14443.
- Synonyms: contactless reader, contactless smartcard reader, proximity reader
Personalization -  Process during which a smart card is modified to contain the information for one person. Graphical personalization modifies the visual aspect of the card (holder's name, photograph). Electrical personalization modifies the information in the card's chip.
- Synonyms: I²C
PICC -  Proximity integrated-circuit card. This is the standard name for any contactless card compliant with the ISO 14443 standards (proximity: less than 10cm). This could either be a smartcard or a memory card, or also any NFC object running in card emulation mode. Common names are contactless card, or RFID card, NFC tag.
- Synonyms: contactless card, RFID card, NFC tag
PIN -  Personal Identification Number. The number or code that a cardholder must type in to confirm that he or she is the genuine cardholder.
- Synonyms: I²C
PKCS -  Public-Key Cryptography Standards. A set of standards developed by the RSA Laboratories.
- Synonyms: I²C
PKI -  Public Key Infrastructure. The infrastructure necessary to manage and enable the effective use of public key encryption technology, particularly on a large scale.
- Synonyms: I²C
POS -  Point Of Sale terminal.
- Synonyms: I²C
Public Key -  A cryptographic system that uses two different keys (public and private) for encrypting and signing data. The most well-know public key algorithm is RSA.
- Synonyms: I²C